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cairo-scaled-font.c

/* -*- Mode: c; c-basic-offset: 4; indent-tabs-mode: t; tab-width: 8; -*- */
/*
 * Copyright © 2005 Keith Packard
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it either under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License version 2.1 as published by the Free Software Foundation
 * (the "LGPL") or, at your option, under the terms of the Mozilla
 * Public License Version 1.1 (the "MPL"). If you do not alter this
 * notice, a recipient may use your version of this file under either
 * the MPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the LGPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-LGPL-2.1; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Suite 500, Boston, MA 02110-1335, USA
 * You should have received a copy of the MPL along with this library
 * in the file COPYING-MPL-1.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License
 * Version 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY
 * OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the LGPL or the MPL for
 * the specific language governing rights and limitations.
 *
 * The Original Code is the cairo graphics library.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is Keith Packard
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *      Keith Packard <keithp@keithp.com>
 *    Carl D. Worth <cworth@cworth.org>
 *      Graydon Hoare <graydon@redhat.com>
 *      Owen Taylor <otaylor@redhat.com>
 *      Behdad Esfahbod <behdad@behdad.org>
 *      Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
 */

#include "cairoint.h"
#include "cairo-error-private.h"
#include "cairo-scaled-font-private.h"

#if _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || defined (_ISOC99_SOURCE)
#define ISFINITE(x) isfinite (x)
#else
#define ISFINITE(x) ((x) * (x) >= 0.) /* check for NaNs */
#endif

/**
 * SECTION:cairo-scaled-font
 * @Title: cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @Short_Description: Font face at particular size and options
 * @See_Also: #cairo_font_face_t, #cairo_matrix_t, #cairo_font_options_t
 *
 * #cairo_scaled_font_t represents a realization of a font face at a particular
 * size and transformation and a certain set of font options.
 */

/* Global Glyph Cache
 *
 * We maintain a global pool of glyphs split between all active fonts. This
 * allows a heavily used individual font to cache more glyphs than we could
 * manage if we used per-font glyph caches, but at the same time maintains
 * fairness across all fonts and provides a cap on the maximum number of
 * global glyphs.
 *
 * The glyphs are allocated in pages, which are capped in the global pool.
 * Using pages means we can reduce the frequency at which we have to probe the
 * global pool and ameliorates the memory allocation pressure.
 */

/* XXX: This number is arbitrary---we've never done any measurement of this. */
#define MAX_GLYPH_PAGES_CACHED 512
static cairo_cache_t cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache;

#define CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_PAGE_SIZE 32
00079 struct _cairo_scaled_glyph_page {
    cairo_cache_entry_t cache_entry;

    cairo_list_t link;

    unsigned int num_glyphs;
    cairo_scaled_glyph_t glyphs[CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_PAGE_SIZE];
};

/*
 *  Notes:
 *
 *  To store rasterizations of glyphs, we use an image surface and the
 *  device offset to represent the glyph origin.
 *
 *  A device_transform converts from device space (a conceptual space) to
 *  surface space.  For simple cases of translation only, it's called a
 *  device_offset and is public API (cairo_surface_[gs]et_device_offset()).
 *  A possibly better name for those functions could have been
 *  cairo_surface_[gs]et_origin().  So, that's what they do: they set where
 *  the device-space origin (0,0) is in the surface.  If the origin is inside
 *  the surface, device_offset values are positive.  It may look like this:
 *
 *  Device space:
 *        (-x,-y) <-- negative numbers
 *           +----------------+
 *           |      .         |
 *           |      .         |
 *           |......(0,0) <---|-- device-space origin
 *           |                |
 *           |                |
 *           +----------------+
 *                    (width-x,height-y)
 *
 *  Surface space:
 *         (0,0) <-- surface-space origin
 *           +---------------+
 *           |      .        |
 *           |      .        |
 *           |......(x,y) <--|-- device_offset
 *           |               |
 *           |               |
 *           +---------------+
 *                     (width,height)
 *
 *  In other words: device_offset is the coordinates of the device-space
 *  origin relative to the top-left of the surface.
 *
 *  We use device offsets in a couple of places:
 *
 *    - Public API: To let toolkits like Gtk+ give user a surface that
 *      only represents part of the final destination (say, the expose
 *      area), but has the same device space as the destination.  In these
 *      cases device_offset is typically negative.  Example:
 *
 *           application window
 *           +---------------+
 *           |      .        |
 *           | (x,y).        |
 *           |......+---+    |
 *           |      |   | <--|-- expose area
 *           |      +---+    |
 *           +---------------+
 *
 *      In this case, the user of cairo API can set the device_space on
 *      the expose area to (-x,-y) to move the device space origin to that
 *      of the application window, such that drawing in the expose area
 *      surface and painting it in the application window has the same
 *      effect as drawing in the application window directly.  Gtk+ has
 *      been using this feature.
 *
 *    - Glyph surfaces: In most font rendering systems, glyph surfaces
 *      have an origin at (0,0) and a bounding box that is typically
 *      represented as (x_bearing,y_bearing,width,height).  Depending on
 *      which way y progresses in the system, y_bearing may typically be
 *      negative (for systems similar to cairo, with origin at top left),
 *      or be positive (in systems like PDF with origin at bottom left).
 *      No matter which is the case, it is important to note that
 *      (x_bearing,y_bearing) is the coordinates of top-left of the glyph
 *      relative to the glyph origin.  That is, for example:
 *
 *      Scaled-glyph space:
 *
 *        (x_bearing,y_bearing) <-- negative numbers
 *           +----------------+
 *           |      .         |
 *           |      .         |
 *           |......(0,0) <---|-- glyph origin
 *           |                |
 *           |                |
 *           +----------------+
 *                    (width+x_bearing,height+y_bearing)
 *
 *      Note the similarity of the origin to the device space.  That is
 *      exactly how we use the device_offset to represent scaled glyphs:
 *      to use the device-space origin as the glyph origin.
 *
 *  Now compare the scaled-glyph space to device-space and surface-space
 *  and convince yourself that:
 *
 *    (x_bearing,y_bearing) = (-x,-y) = - device_offset
 *
 *  That's right.  If you are not convinced yet, contrast the definition
 *  of the two:
 *
 *    "(x_bearing,y_bearing) is the coordinates of top-left of the
 *     glyph relative to the glyph origin."
 *
 *    "In other words: device_offset is the coordinates of the
 *     device-space origin relative to the top-left of the surface."
 *
 *  and note that glyph origin = device-space origin.
 */

static void
_cairo_scaled_font_fini_internal (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font);

static void
_cairo_scaled_glyph_fini (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                    cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph)
{
    const cairo_surface_backend_t *surface_backend = scaled_font->surface_backend;

    if (surface_backend != NULL && surface_backend->scaled_glyph_fini != NULL)
      surface_backend->scaled_glyph_fini (scaled_glyph, scaled_font);

    if (scaled_glyph->surface != NULL)
      cairo_surface_destroy (&scaled_glyph->surface->base);

    if (scaled_glyph->path != NULL)
      _cairo_path_fixed_destroy (scaled_glyph->path);

    if (scaled_glyph->recording_surface != NULL) {
      cairo_surface_finish (scaled_glyph->recording_surface);
      cairo_surface_destroy (scaled_glyph->recording_surface);
    }
}

#define ZOMBIE 0
static const cairo_scaled_font_t _cairo_scaled_font_nil = {
    { ZOMBIE },               /* hash_entry */
    CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY,   /* status */
    CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_INVALID,  /* ref_count */
    { 0, 0, 0, NULL },        /* user_data */
    NULL,               /* original_font_face */
    NULL,               /* font_face */
    { 1., 0., 0., 1., 0, 0},  /* font_matrix */
    { 1., 0., 0., 1., 0, 0},  /* ctm */
    { CAIRO_ANTIALIAS_DEFAULT,      /* options */
      CAIRO_SUBPIXEL_ORDER_DEFAULT,
      CAIRO_HINT_STYLE_DEFAULT,
      CAIRO_HINT_METRICS_DEFAULT} ,
    FALSE,              /* placeholder */
    FALSE,              /* holdover */
    TRUE,               /* finished */
    { 1., 0., 0., 1., 0, 0},  /* scale */
    { 1., 0., 0., 1., 0, 0},  /* scale_inverse */
    1.,                       /* max_scale */
    { 0., 0., 0., 0., 0. },   /* extents */
    { 0., 0., 0., 0., 0. },   /* fs_extents */
    CAIRO_MUTEX_NIL_INITIALIZER,/* mutex */
    NULL,               /* glyphs */
    { NULL, NULL },           /* pages */
    FALSE,              /* cache_frozen */
    FALSE,              /* global_cache_frozen */
    NULL,               /* surface_backend */
    NULL,               /* surface_private */
    NULL                /* backend */
};

/**
 * _cairo_scaled_font_set_error:
 * @scaled_font: a scaled_font
 * @status: a status value indicating an error
 *
 * Atomically sets scaled_font->status to @status and calls _cairo_error;
 * Does nothing if status is %CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS.
 *
 * All assignments of an error status to scaled_font->status should happen
 * through _cairo_scaled_font_set_error(). Note that due to the nature of
 * the atomic operation, it is not safe to call this function on the nil
 * objects.
 *
 * The purpose of this function is to allow the user to set a
 * breakpoint in _cairo_error() to generate a stack trace for when the
 * user causes cairo to detect an error.
 *
 * Return value: the error status.
 **/
cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_set_error (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                        cairo_status_t status)
{
    if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS)
      return status;

    /* Don't overwrite an existing error. This preserves the first
     * error, which is the most significant. */
    _cairo_status_set_error (&scaled_font->status, status);

    return _cairo_error (status);
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_type:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 *
 * This function returns the type of the backend used to create
 * a scaled font. See #cairo_font_type_t for available types.
 * However, this function never returns %CAIRO_FONT_TYPE_TOY.
 *
 * Return value: The type of @scaled_font.
 *
 * Since: 1.2
 **/
cairo_font_type_t
cairo_scaled_font_get_type (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    if (CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_IS_INVALID (&scaled_font->ref_count))
      return CAIRO_FONT_TYPE_TOY;

    return scaled_font->backend->type;
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_status:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 *
 * Checks whether an error has previously occurred for this
 * scaled_font.
 *
 * Return value: %CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS or another error such as
 *   %CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY.
 **/
cairo_status_t
cairo_scaled_font_status (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    return scaled_font->status;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_status);

/* Here we keep a unique mapping from
 * font_face/matrix/ctm/font_options => #cairo_scaled_font_t.
 *
 * Here are the things that we want to map:
 *
 *  a) All otherwise referenced #cairo_scaled_font_t's
 *  b) Some number of not otherwise referenced #cairo_scaled_font_t's
 *
 * The implementation uses a hash table which covers (a)
 * completely. Then, for (b) we have an array of otherwise
 * unreferenced fonts (holdovers) which are expired in
 * least-recently-used order.
 *
 * The cairo_scaled_font_create() code gets to treat this like a regular
 * hash table. All of the magic for the little holdover cache is in
 * cairo_scaled_font_reference() and cairo_scaled_font_destroy().
 */

/* This defines the size of the holdover array ... that is, the number
 * of scaled fonts we keep around even when not otherwise referenced
 */
#define CAIRO_SCALED_FONT_MAX_HOLDOVERS 256

00343 typedef struct _cairo_scaled_font_map {
    cairo_scaled_font_t *mru_scaled_font;
    cairo_hash_table_t *hash_table;
    cairo_scaled_font_t *holdovers[CAIRO_SCALED_FONT_MAX_HOLDOVERS];
    int num_holdovers;
} cairo_scaled_font_map_t;

static cairo_scaled_font_map_t *cairo_scaled_font_map;

static int
_cairo_scaled_font_keys_equal (const void *abstract_key_a, const void *abstract_key_b);

static cairo_scaled_font_map_t *
_cairo_scaled_font_map_lock (void)
{
    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);

    if (cairo_scaled_font_map == NULL) {
      cairo_scaled_font_map = malloc (sizeof (cairo_scaled_font_map_t));
      if (unlikely (cairo_scaled_font_map == NULL))
          goto CLEANUP_MUTEX_LOCK;

      cairo_scaled_font_map->mru_scaled_font = NULL;
      cairo_scaled_font_map->hash_table =
          _cairo_hash_table_create (_cairo_scaled_font_keys_equal);

      if (unlikely (cairo_scaled_font_map->hash_table == NULL))
          goto CLEANUP_SCALED_FONT_MAP;

      cairo_scaled_font_map->num_holdovers = 0;
    }

    return cairo_scaled_font_map;

 CLEANUP_SCALED_FONT_MAP:
    free (cairo_scaled_font_map);
    cairo_scaled_font_map = NULL;
 CLEANUP_MUTEX_LOCK:
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
    _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
    return NULL;
}

static void
_cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock (void)
{
   CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_map_destroy (void)
{
    cairo_scaled_font_map_t *font_map;
    cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font;

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);

    font_map = cairo_scaled_font_map;
    if (unlikely (font_map == NULL)) {
        goto CLEANUP_MUTEX_LOCK;
    }

    scaled_font = font_map->mru_scaled_font;
    if (scaled_font != NULL) {
      CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
      cairo_scaled_font_destroy (scaled_font);
      CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
    }

    /* remove scaled_fonts starting from the end so that font_map->holdovers
     * is always in a consistent state when we release the mutex. */
    while (font_map->num_holdovers) {
      scaled_font = font_map->holdovers[font_map->num_holdovers-1];
      assert (! CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_HAS_REFERENCE (&scaled_font->ref_count));
      _cairo_hash_table_remove (font_map->hash_table,
                          &scaled_font->hash_entry);

      font_map->num_holdovers--;

      /* This releases the font_map lock to avoid the possibility of a
       * recursive deadlock when the scaled font destroy closure gets
       * called
       */
      _cairo_scaled_font_fini (scaled_font);

      free (scaled_font);
    }

    _cairo_hash_table_destroy (font_map->hash_table);

    free (cairo_scaled_font_map);
    cairo_scaled_font_map = NULL;

 CLEANUP_MUTEX_LOCK:
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
}
static void
_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_destroy (void *closure)
{
    cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t *page = closure;
    cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font;
    unsigned int n;

    scaled_font = (cairo_scaled_font_t *) page->cache_entry.hash;
    for (n = 0; n < page->num_glyphs; n++) {
      _cairo_hash_table_remove (scaled_font->glyphs,
                          &page->glyphs[n].hash_entry);
      _cairo_scaled_glyph_fini (scaled_font, &page->glyphs[n]);
    }

    cairo_list_del (&page->link);

    free (page);
}

/* If a scaled font wants to unlock the font map while still being
 * created (needed for user-fonts), we need to take extra care not
 * ending up with multiple identical scaled fonts being created.
 *
 * What we do is, we create a fake identical scaled font, and mark
 * it as placeholder, lock its mutex, and insert that in the fontmap
 * hash table.  This makes other code trying to create an identical
 * scaled font to just wait and retry.
 *
 * The reason we have to create a fake scaled font instead of just using
 * scaled_font is for lifecycle management: we need to (or rather,
 * other code needs to) reference the scaled_font in the hash table.
 * We can't do that on the input scaled_font as it may be freed by
 * font backend upon error.
 */

cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_register_placeholder_and_unlock_font_map (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    cairo_scaled_font_t *placeholder_scaled_font;

    assert (CAIRO_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex));

    status = scaled_font->status;
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    placeholder_scaled_font = malloc (sizeof (cairo_scaled_font_t));
    if (unlikely (placeholder_scaled_font == NULL))
      return _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);

    /* full initialization is wasteful, but who cares... */
    status = _cairo_scaled_font_init (placeholder_scaled_font,
                              scaled_font->font_face,
                              &scaled_font->font_matrix,
                              &scaled_font->ctm,
                              &scaled_font->options,
                              NULL);
    if (unlikely (status))
      goto FREE_PLACEHOLDER;

    placeholder_scaled_font->placeholder = TRUE;

    status = _cairo_hash_table_insert (cairo_scaled_font_map->hash_table,
                               &placeholder_scaled_font->hash_entry);
    if (unlikely (status))
      goto FINI_PLACEHOLDER;

    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (placeholder_scaled_font->mutex);

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;

  FINI_PLACEHOLDER:
    _cairo_scaled_font_fini_internal (placeholder_scaled_font);
  FREE_PLACEHOLDER:
    free (placeholder_scaled_font);

    return _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_unregister_placeholder_and_lock_font_map (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    cairo_scaled_font_t *placeholder_scaled_font;

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);

    placeholder_scaled_font =
      _cairo_hash_table_lookup (cairo_scaled_font_map->hash_table,
                          &scaled_font->hash_entry);
    assert (placeholder_scaled_font != NULL);
    assert (placeholder_scaled_font->placeholder);
    assert (CAIRO_MUTEX_IS_LOCKED (placeholder_scaled_font->mutex));

    _cairo_hash_table_remove (cairo_scaled_font_map->hash_table,
                        &placeholder_scaled_font->hash_entry);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (placeholder_scaled_font->mutex);
    cairo_scaled_font_destroy (placeholder_scaled_font);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
}

static void
_cairo_scaled_font_placeholder_wait_for_creation_to_finish (cairo_scaled_font_t *placeholder_scaled_font)
{
    /* reference the place holder so it doesn't go away */
    cairo_scaled_font_reference (placeholder_scaled_font);

    /* now unlock the fontmap mutex so creation has a chance to finish */
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);

    /* wait on placeholder mutex until we are awaken */
    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (placeholder_scaled_font->mutex);

    /* ok, creation done.  just clean up and back out */
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (placeholder_scaled_font->mutex);
    cairo_scaled_font_destroy (placeholder_scaled_font);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
}

/* Fowler / Noll / Vo (FNV) Hash (http://www.isthe.com/chongo/tech/comp/fnv/)
 *
 * Not necessarily better than a lot of other hashes, but should be OK, and
 * well tested with binary data.
 */

#define FNV_32_PRIME ((uint32_t)0x01000193)
#define FNV1_32_INIT ((uint32_t)0x811c9dc5)

static uint32_t
_hash_matrix_fnv (const cairo_matrix_t    *matrix,
              uint32_t         hval)
{
    const uint8_t *buffer = (const uint8_t *) matrix;
    int len = sizeof (cairo_matrix_t);
    do {
      hval *= FNV_32_PRIME;
      hval ^= *buffer++;
    } while (--len);

    return hval;
}

static uint32_t
_hash_mix_bits (uint32_t hash)
{
    hash += hash << 12;
    hash ^= hash >> 7;
    hash += hash << 3;
    hash ^= hash >> 17;
    hash += hash << 5;
    return hash;
}

static void
_cairo_scaled_font_init_key (cairo_scaled_font_t        *scaled_font,
                       cairo_font_face_t          *font_face,
                       const cairo_matrix_t       *font_matrix,
                       const cairo_matrix_t       *ctm,
                       const cairo_font_options_t *options)
{
    uint32_t hash = FNV1_32_INIT;

    scaled_font->status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
    scaled_font->placeholder = FALSE;
    scaled_font->font_face = font_face;
    scaled_font->font_matrix = *font_matrix;
    scaled_font->ctm = *ctm;
    /* ignore translation values in the ctm */
    scaled_font->ctm.x0 = 0.;
    scaled_font->ctm.y0 = 0.;
    _cairo_font_options_init_copy (&scaled_font->options, options);

    /* We do a bytewise hash on the font matrices */
    hash = _hash_matrix_fnv (&scaled_font->font_matrix, hash);
    hash = _hash_matrix_fnv (&scaled_font->ctm, hash);
    hash = _hash_mix_bits (hash);

    hash ^= (unsigned long) scaled_font->font_face;
    hash ^= cairo_font_options_hash (&scaled_font->options);

    /* final mixing of bits */
    hash = _hash_mix_bits (hash);

    assert (hash != ZOMBIE);
    scaled_font->hash_entry.hash = hash;
}

static cairo_bool_t
_cairo_scaled_font_keys_equal (const void *abstract_key_a,
                         const void *abstract_key_b)
{
    const cairo_scaled_font_t *key_a = abstract_key_a;
    const cairo_scaled_font_t *key_b = abstract_key_b;

    if (key_a->hash_entry.hash != key_b->hash_entry.hash)
      return FALSE;

    return key_a->font_face == key_b->font_face &&
          memcmp ((unsigned char *)(&key_a->font_matrix.xx),
                (unsigned char *)(&key_b->font_matrix.xx),
                sizeof(cairo_matrix_t)) == 0 &&
          memcmp ((unsigned char *)(&key_a->ctm.xx),
                (unsigned char *)(&key_b->ctm.xx),
                sizeof(cairo_matrix_t)) == 0 &&
          cairo_font_options_equal (&key_a->options, &key_b->options);
}

static cairo_bool_t
_cairo_scaled_font_matches (const cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                          const cairo_font_face_t *font_face,
                      const cairo_matrix_t *font_matrix,
                      const cairo_matrix_t *ctm,
                      const cairo_font_options_t *options)
{
    return scaled_font->original_font_face == font_face &&
          memcmp ((unsigned char *)(&scaled_font->font_matrix.xx),
                (unsigned char *)(&font_matrix->xx),
                sizeof(cairo_matrix_t)) == 0 &&
          memcmp ((unsigned char *)(&scaled_font->ctm.xx),
                (unsigned char *)(&ctm->xx),
                sizeof(cairo_matrix_t)) == 0 &&
          cairo_font_options_equal (&scaled_font->options, options);
}

static cairo_bool_t
_cairo_scaled_glyphs_equal (const void *abstract_a, const void *abstract_b)
{
    const cairo_scaled_glyph_t *a = abstract_a;
    const cairo_scaled_glyph_t *b = abstract_b;

    return a->hash_entry.hash == b->hash_entry.hash;
}

/*
 * Basic #cairo_scaled_font_t object management
 */

cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_init (cairo_scaled_font_t               *scaled_font,
                   cairo_font_face_t               *font_face,
                   const cairo_matrix_t              *font_matrix,
                   const cairo_matrix_t              *ctm,
                   const cairo_font_options_t      *options,
                   const cairo_scaled_font_backend_t *backend)
{
    cairo_status_t status;

    status = cairo_font_options_status ((cairo_font_options_t *) options);
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    _cairo_scaled_font_init_key (scaled_font, font_face,
                         font_matrix, ctm, options);

    cairo_matrix_multiply (&scaled_font->scale,
                     &scaled_font->font_matrix,
                     &scaled_font->ctm);

    scaled_font->max_scale = MAX (fabs (scaled_font->scale.xx) + fabs (scaled_font->scale.xy),
                          fabs (scaled_font->scale.yx) + fabs (scaled_font->scale.yy));
    scaled_font->scale_inverse = scaled_font->scale;
    status = cairo_matrix_invert (&scaled_font->scale_inverse);
    if (unlikely (status)) {
      /* If the font scale matrix is rank 0, just using an all-zero inverse matrix
       * makes everything work correctly.  This make font size 0 work without
       * producing an error.
       *
       * FIXME:  If the scale is rank 1, we still go into error mode.  But then
       * again, that's what we do everywhere in cairo.
       *
       * Also, the check for == 0. below may be too harsh...
       */
        if (_cairo_matrix_is_scale_0 (&scaled_font->scale)) {
          cairo_matrix_init (&scaled_font->scale_inverse,
                         0, 0, 0, 0,
                         -scaled_font->scale.x0,
                         -scaled_font->scale.y0);
      } else
          return status;
    }

    scaled_font->glyphs = _cairo_hash_table_create (_cairo_scaled_glyphs_equal);
    if (unlikely (scaled_font->glyphs == NULL))
      return _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);

    cairo_list_init (&scaled_font->glyph_pages);
    scaled_font->cache_frozen = FALSE;
    scaled_font->global_cache_frozen = FALSE;

    scaled_font->holdover = FALSE;
    scaled_font->finished = FALSE;

    CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_INIT (&scaled_font->ref_count, 1);

    _cairo_user_data_array_init (&scaled_font->user_data);

    cairo_font_face_reference (font_face);
    scaled_font->original_font_face = NULL;

    CAIRO_MUTEX_INIT (scaled_font->mutex);

    scaled_font->surface_backend = NULL;
    scaled_font->surface_private = NULL;

    scaled_font->backend = backend;
    cairo_list_init (&scaled_font->link);

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_freeze_cache (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    /* ensure we do not modify an error object */
    assert (scaled_font->status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (scaled_font->mutex);
    scaled_font->cache_frozen = TRUE;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_thaw_cache (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    scaled_font->cache_frozen = FALSE;

    if (scaled_font->global_cache_frozen) {
      CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
      _cairo_cache_thaw (&cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache);
      CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);

      scaled_font->global_cache_frozen = FALSE;
    }

    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (scaled_font->mutex);
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_reset_cache (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    assert (! scaled_font->cache_frozen);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
    while (! cairo_list_is_empty (&scaled_font->glyph_pages)) {
      _cairo_cache_remove (&cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache,
                             &cairo_list_first_entry (&scaled_font->glyph_pages,
                                                      cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t,
                                                      link)->cache_entry);
    }
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_set_metrics (cairo_scaled_font_t       *scaled_font,
                        cairo_font_extents_t        *fs_metrics)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    double  font_scale_x, font_scale_y;

    scaled_font->fs_extents = *fs_metrics;

    status = _cairo_matrix_compute_basis_scale_factors (&scaled_font->font_matrix,
                                      &font_scale_x, &font_scale_y,
                                      1);
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    /*
     * The font responded in unscaled units, scale by the font
     * matrix scale factors to get to user space
     */

    scaled_font->extents.ascent = fs_metrics->ascent * font_scale_y;
    scaled_font->extents.descent = fs_metrics->descent * font_scale_y;
    scaled_font->extents.height = fs_metrics->height * font_scale_y;
    scaled_font->extents.max_x_advance = fs_metrics->max_x_advance * font_scale_x;
    scaled_font->extents.max_y_advance = fs_metrics->max_y_advance * font_scale_y;

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

static void
_cairo_scaled_font_fini_internal (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    scaled_font->finished = TRUE;

    _cairo_scaled_font_reset_cache (scaled_font);
    _cairo_hash_table_destroy (scaled_font->glyphs);

    cairo_font_face_destroy (scaled_font->font_face);
    cairo_font_face_destroy (scaled_font->original_font_face);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_FINI (scaled_font->mutex);

    if (scaled_font->surface_backend != NULL &&
      scaled_font->surface_backend->scaled_font_fini != NULL)
      scaled_font->surface_backend->scaled_font_fini (scaled_font);

    if (scaled_font->backend != NULL && scaled_font->backend->fini != NULL)
      scaled_font->backend->fini (scaled_font);

    _cairo_user_data_array_fini (&scaled_font->user_data);
}

/* XXX: allow multiple backends to share the font */
void
_cairo_scaled_font_revoke_ownership (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    if (scaled_font->surface_backend == NULL)
      return;

    _cairo_scaled_font_reset_cache (scaled_font);

    if (scaled_font->surface_backend->scaled_font_fini != NULL)
      scaled_font->surface_backend->scaled_font_fini (scaled_font);

    scaled_font->surface_backend = NULL;
    scaled_font->surface_private = NULL;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_fini (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    /* Release the lock to avoid the possibility of a recursive
     * deadlock when the scaled font destroy closure gets called. */
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
    _cairo_scaled_font_fini_internal (scaled_font);
    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex);
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_create:
 * @font_face: a #cairo_font_face_t
 * @font_matrix: font space to user space transformation matrix for the
 *       font. In the simplest case of a N point font, this matrix is
 *       just a scale by N, but it can also be used to shear the font
 *       or stretch it unequally along the two axes. See
 *       cairo_set_font_matrix().
 * @ctm: user to device transformation matrix with which the font will
 *       be used.
 * @options: options to use when getting metrics for the font and
 *           rendering with it.
 *
 * Creates a #cairo_scaled_font_t object from a font face and matrices that
 * describe the size of the font and the environment in which it will
 * be used.
 *
 * Return value: a newly created #cairo_scaled_font_t. Destroy with
 *  cairo_scaled_font_destroy()
 **/
cairo_scaled_font_t *
cairo_scaled_font_create (cairo_font_face_t          *font_face,
                    const cairo_matrix_t       *font_matrix,
                    const cairo_matrix_t       *ctm,
                    const cairo_font_options_t *options)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    cairo_scaled_font_map_t *font_map;
    cairo_font_face_t *original_font_face = font_face;
    cairo_scaled_font_t key, *old = NULL, *scaled_font = NULL, *dead = NULL;
    double det;

    status = font_face->status;
    if (unlikely (status))
      return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (status);

    det = _cairo_matrix_compute_determinant (font_matrix);
    if (! ISFINITE (det))
      return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (_cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_INVALID_MATRIX));

    det = _cairo_matrix_compute_determinant (ctm);
    if (! ISFINITE (det))
      return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (_cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_INVALID_MATRIX));

    status = cairo_font_options_status ((cairo_font_options_t *) options);
    if (unlikely (status))
      return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (status);

    /* Note that degenerate ctm or font_matrix *are* allowed.
     * We want to support a font size of 0. */

    font_map = _cairo_scaled_font_map_lock ();
    if (unlikely (font_map == NULL))
      return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (_cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY));

    scaled_font = font_map->mru_scaled_font;
    if (scaled_font != NULL &&
      _cairo_scaled_font_matches (scaled_font,
                                  font_face, font_matrix, ctm, options))
    {
      assert (scaled_font->hash_entry.hash != ZOMBIE);
      assert (! scaled_font->placeholder);

      if (likely (scaled_font->status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS)) {
          /* We increment the reference count manually here, (rather
           * than calling into cairo_scaled_font_reference), since we
           * must modify the reference count while our lock is still
           * held. */
          _cairo_reference_count_inc (&scaled_font->ref_count);
          _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();
          return scaled_font;
      }

      /* the font has been put into an error status - abandon the cache */
      _cairo_hash_table_remove (font_map->hash_table,
                          &scaled_font->hash_entry);
      scaled_font->hash_entry.hash = ZOMBIE;
      dead = scaled_font;
      font_map->mru_scaled_font = NULL;

      if (font_face->backend->get_implementation != NULL) {
          font_face = font_face->backend->get_implementation (font_face,
                                                font_matrix,
                                                ctm,
                                                options);
          if (unlikely (font_face->status)) {
            _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();
            cairo_scaled_font_destroy (scaled_font);
            return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (font_face->status);
          }
      }

      _cairo_scaled_font_init_key (&key, font_face,
                             font_matrix, ctm, options);
    }
    else
    {
      if (font_face->backend->get_implementation != NULL) {
          font_face = font_face->backend->get_implementation (font_face,
                                                font_matrix,
                                                ctm,
                                                options);
          if (unlikely (font_face->status)) {
            _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();
            return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (font_face->status);
          }
      }

      _cairo_scaled_font_init_key (&key, font_face,
                             font_matrix, ctm, options);

      while ((scaled_font = _cairo_hash_table_lookup (font_map->hash_table,
                                          &key.hash_entry)))
      {
          if (! scaled_font->placeholder)
            break;

          /* If the scaled font is being created (happens for user-font),
           * just wait until it's done, then retry */
          _cairo_scaled_font_placeholder_wait_for_creation_to_finish (scaled_font);
      }

      /* Return existing scaled_font if it exists in the hash table. */
      if (scaled_font != NULL) {
          /* If the original reference count is 0, then this font must have
           * been found in font_map->holdovers, (which means this caching is
           * actually working). So now we remove it from the holdovers
           * array, unless we caught the font in the middle of destruction.
           */
          if (! CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_HAS_REFERENCE (&scaled_font->ref_count)) {
            if (scaled_font->holdover) {
                int i;

                for (i = 0; i < font_map->num_holdovers; i++) {
                  if (font_map->holdovers[i] == scaled_font) {
                      font_map->num_holdovers--;
                      memmove (&font_map->holdovers[i],
                             &font_map->holdovers[i+1],
                             (font_map->num_holdovers - i) * sizeof (cairo_scaled_font_t*));
                      break;
                  }
                }

                scaled_font->holdover = FALSE;
            }

            /* reset any error status */
            scaled_font->status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
          }

          if (likely (scaled_font->status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS)) {
            /* We increment the reference count manually here, (rather
             * than calling into cairo_scaled_font_reference), since we
             * must modify the reference count while our lock is still
             * held. */

            old = font_map->mru_scaled_font;
            font_map->mru_scaled_font = scaled_font;
            /* increment reference count for the mru cache */
            _cairo_reference_count_inc (&scaled_font->ref_count);
            /* and increment for the returned reference */
            _cairo_reference_count_inc (&scaled_font->ref_count);
            _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();

            cairo_scaled_font_destroy (old);
            if (font_face != original_font_face)
                cairo_font_face_destroy (font_face);

            return scaled_font;
          }

          /* the font has been put into an error status - abandon the cache */
          _cairo_hash_table_remove (font_map->hash_table,
                              &scaled_font->hash_entry);
          scaled_font->hash_entry.hash = ZOMBIE;
      }
    }

    /* Otherwise create it and insert it into the hash table. */
    status = font_face->backend->scaled_font_create (font_face, font_matrix,
                                         ctm, options, &scaled_font);
    /* Did we leave the backend in an error state? */
    if (unlikely (status)) {
      _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();
      if (font_face != original_font_face)
          cairo_font_face_destroy (font_face);

      if (dead != NULL)
          cairo_scaled_font_destroy (dead);

      status = _cairo_font_face_set_error (font_face, status);
      return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (status);
    }
    /* Or did we encounter an error whilst constructing the scaled font? */
    if (unlikely (scaled_font->status)) {
      _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();
      if (font_face != original_font_face)
          cairo_font_face_destroy (font_face);

      if (dead != NULL)
          cairo_scaled_font_destroy (dead);

      return scaled_font;
    }

    /* Our caching above is defeated if the backend switches fonts on us -
     * e.g. old incarnations of toy-font-face and lazily resolved
     * ft-font-faces
     */
    assert (scaled_font->font_face == font_face);

    scaled_font->original_font_face =
      cairo_font_face_reference (original_font_face);

    status = _cairo_hash_table_insert (font_map->hash_table,
                               &scaled_font->hash_entry);
    if (likely (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS)) {
      old = font_map->mru_scaled_font;
      font_map->mru_scaled_font = scaled_font;
      _cairo_reference_count_inc (&scaled_font->ref_count);
    }

    _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();

    cairo_scaled_font_destroy (old);
    if (font_face != original_font_face)
      cairo_font_face_destroy (font_face);

    if (dead != NULL)
      cairo_scaled_font_destroy (dead);

    if (unlikely (status)) {
      /* We can't call _cairo_scaled_font_destroy here since it expects
       * that the font has already been successfully inserted into the
       * hash table. */
      _cairo_scaled_font_fini_internal (scaled_font);
      free (scaled_font);
      return _cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (status);
    }

    return scaled_font;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_create);

static cairo_scaled_font_t *_cairo_scaled_font_nil_objects[CAIRO_STATUS_LAST_STATUS + 1];

/* XXX This should disappear in favour of a common pool of error objects. */
cairo_scaled_font_t *
_cairo_scaled_font_create_in_error (cairo_status_t status)
{
    cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font;

    assert (status != CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS);

    if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY)
      return (cairo_scaled_font_t *) &_cairo_scaled_font_nil;

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_error_mutex);
    scaled_font = _cairo_scaled_font_nil_objects[status];
    if (unlikely (scaled_font == NULL)) {
      scaled_font = malloc (sizeof (cairo_scaled_font_t));
      if (unlikely (scaled_font == NULL)) {
          CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_error_mutex);
          _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
          return (cairo_scaled_font_t *) &_cairo_scaled_font_nil;
      }

      *scaled_font = _cairo_scaled_font_nil;
      scaled_font->status = status;
      _cairo_scaled_font_nil_objects[status] = scaled_font;
    }
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_error_mutex);

    return scaled_font;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_reset_static_data (void)
{
    int status;

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_error_mutex);
    for (status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
       status <= CAIRO_STATUS_LAST_STATUS;
       status++)
    {
      if (_cairo_scaled_font_nil_objects[status] != NULL) {
          free (_cairo_scaled_font_nil_objects[status]);
          _cairo_scaled_font_nil_objects[status] = NULL;
      }
    }
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_font_error_mutex);

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
    if (cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache.hash_table != NULL) {
      _cairo_cache_fini (&cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache);
      cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache.hash_table = NULL;
    }
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_reference:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t, (may be %NULL in which case
 * this function does nothing)
 *
 * Increases the reference count on @scaled_font by one. This prevents
 * @scaled_font from being destroyed until a matching call to
 * cairo_scaled_font_destroy() is made.
 *
 * The number of references to a #cairo_scaled_font_t can be get using
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_reference_count().
 *
 * Returns: the referenced #cairo_scaled_font_t
 **/
cairo_scaled_font_t *
cairo_scaled_font_reference (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    if (scaled_font == NULL ||
          CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_IS_INVALID (&scaled_font->ref_count))
      return scaled_font;

    assert (CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_HAS_REFERENCE (&scaled_font->ref_count));

    _cairo_reference_count_inc (&scaled_font->ref_count);

    return scaled_font;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_reference);

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_destroy:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 *
 * Decreases the reference count on @font by one. If the result
 * is zero, then @font and all associated resources are freed.
 * See cairo_scaled_font_reference().
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_destroy (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    cairo_scaled_font_t *lru = NULL;
    cairo_scaled_font_map_t *font_map;

    assert (CAIRO_MUTEX_IS_UNLOCKED (_cairo_scaled_font_map_mutex));

    if (scaled_font == NULL ||
          CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_IS_INVALID (&scaled_font->ref_count))
      return;

    assert (CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_HAS_REFERENCE (&scaled_font->ref_count));

    if (! _cairo_reference_count_dec_and_test (&scaled_font->ref_count))
      return;

    font_map = _cairo_scaled_font_map_lock ();
    assert (font_map != NULL);

    /* Another thread may have resurrected the font whilst we waited */
    if (! CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_HAS_REFERENCE (&scaled_font->ref_count)) {
      if (! scaled_font->placeholder &&
          scaled_font->hash_entry.hash != ZOMBIE)
      {
          /* Another thread may have already inserted us into the holdovers */
          if (scaled_font->holdover)
            goto unlock;

          /* Rather than immediately destroying this object, we put it into
           * the font_map->holdovers array in case it will get used again
           * soon (and is why we must hold the lock over the atomic op on
           * the reference count). To make room for it, we do actually
           * destroy the least-recently-used holdover.
           */

          if (font_map->num_holdovers == CAIRO_SCALED_FONT_MAX_HOLDOVERS) {
            lru = font_map->holdovers[0];
            assert (! CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_HAS_REFERENCE (&lru->ref_count));

            _cairo_hash_table_remove (font_map->hash_table,
                                &lru->hash_entry);

            font_map->num_holdovers--;
            memmove (&font_map->holdovers[0],
                   &font_map->holdovers[1],
                   font_map->num_holdovers * sizeof (cairo_scaled_font_t*));
          }

          font_map->holdovers[font_map->num_holdovers++] = scaled_font;
          scaled_font->holdover = TRUE;
      } else
          lru = scaled_font;
    }

  unlock:
    _cairo_scaled_font_map_unlock ();

    /* If we pulled an item from the holdovers array, (while the font
     * map lock was held, of course), then there is no way that anyone
     * else could have acquired a reference to it. So we can now
     * safely call fini on it without any lock held. This is desirable
     * as we never want to call into any backend function with a lock
     * held. */
    if (lru != NULL) {
      _cairo_scaled_font_fini_internal (lru);
      free (lru);
    }
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_destroy);

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_reference_count:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 *
 * Returns the current reference count of @scaled_font.
 *
 * Return value: the current reference count of @scaled_font.  If the
 * object is a nil object, 0 will be returned.
 *
 * Since: 1.4
 **/
unsigned int
cairo_scaled_font_get_reference_count (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    if (scaled_font == NULL ||
          CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_IS_INVALID (&scaled_font->ref_count))
      return 0;

    return CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_GET_VALUE (&scaled_font->ref_count);
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_user_data:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @key: the address of the #cairo_user_data_key_t the user data was
 * attached to
 *
 * Return user data previously attached to @scaled_font using the
 * specified key.  If no user data has been attached with the given
 * key this function returns %NULL.
 *
 * Return value: the user data previously attached or %NULL.
 *
 * Since: 1.4
 **/
void *
cairo_scaled_font_get_user_data (cairo_scaled_font_t       *scaled_font,
                         const cairo_user_data_key_t *key)
{
    return _cairo_user_data_array_get_data (&scaled_font->user_data,
                                  key);
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_get_user_data);

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_set_user_data:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @key: the address of a #cairo_user_data_key_t to attach the user data to
 * @user_data: the user data to attach to the #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @destroy: a #cairo_destroy_func_t which will be called when the
 * #cairo_t is destroyed or when new user data is attached using the
 * same key.
 *
 * Attach user data to @scaled_font.  To remove user data from a surface,
 * call this function with the key that was used to set it and %NULL
 * for @data.
 *
 * Return value: %CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS or %CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY if a
 * slot could not be allocated for the user data.
 *
 * Since: 1.4
 **/
cairo_status_t
cairo_scaled_font_set_user_data (cairo_scaled_font_t       *scaled_font,
                         const cairo_user_data_key_t *key,
                         void                  *user_data,
                         cairo_destroy_func_t         destroy)
{
    if (CAIRO_REFERENCE_COUNT_IS_INVALID (&scaled_font->ref_count))
      return scaled_font->status;

    return _cairo_user_data_array_set_data (&scaled_font->user_data,
                                  key, user_data, destroy);
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_set_user_data);

/* Public font API follows. */

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_extents:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @extents: a #cairo_font_extents_t which to store the retrieved extents.
 *
 * Gets the metrics for a #cairo_scaled_font_t.
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_extents (cairo_scaled_font_t  *scaled_font,
                     cairo_font_extents_t *extents)
{
    if (scaled_font->status) {
      extents->ascent  = 0.0;
      extents->descent = 0.0;
      extents->height  = 0.0;
      extents->max_x_advance = 0.0;
      extents->max_y_advance = 0.0;
      return;
    }

    *extents = scaled_font->extents;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_extents);

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_text_extents:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @utf8: a NUL-terminated string of text, encoded in UTF-8
 * @extents: a #cairo_text_extents_t which to store the retrieved extents.
 *
 * Gets the extents for a string of text. The extents describe a
 * user-space rectangle that encloses the "inked" portion of the text
 * drawn at the origin (0,0) (as it would be drawn by cairo_show_text()
 * if the cairo graphics state were set to the same font_face,
 * font_matrix, ctm, and font_options as @scaled_font).  Additionally,
 * the x_advance and y_advance values indicate the amount by which the
 * current point would be advanced by cairo_show_text().
 *
 * Note that whitespace characters do not directly contribute to the
 * size of the rectangle (extents.width and extents.height). They do
 * contribute indirectly by changing the position of non-whitespace
 * characters. In particular, trailing whitespace characters are
 * likely to not affect the size of the rectangle, though they will
 * affect the x_advance and y_advance values.
 *
 * Since: 1.2
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_text_extents (cairo_scaled_font_t   *scaled_font,
                        const char            *utf8,
                        cairo_text_extents_t  *extents)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    cairo_glyph_t *glyphs = NULL;
    int num_glyphs;

    if (scaled_font->status)
      goto ZERO_EXTENTS;

    if (utf8 == NULL)
      goto ZERO_EXTENTS;

    status = cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs (scaled_font, 0., 0.,
                                     utf8, -1,
                                     &glyphs, &num_glyphs,
                                     NULL, NULL,
                                     NULL);
    if (unlikely (status)) {
      status = _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);
      goto ZERO_EXTENTS;
    }

    cairo_scaled_font_glyph_extents (scaled_font, glyphs, num_glyphs, extents);
    free (glyphs);

    return;

ZERO_EXTENTS:
    extents->x_bearing = 0.0;
    extents->y_bearing = 0.0;
    extents->width  = 0.0;
    extents->height = 0.0;
    extents->x_advance = 0.0;
    extents->y_advance = 0.0;
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_glyph_extents:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @glyphs: an array of glyph IDs with X and Y offsets.
 * @num_glyphs: the number of glyphs in the @glyphs array
 * @extents: a #cairo_text_extents_t which to store the retrieved extents.
 *
 * Gets the extents for an array of glyphs. The extents describe a
 * user-space rectangle that encloses the "inked" portion of the
 * glyphs, (as they would be drawn by cairo_show_glyphs() if the cairo
 * graphics state were set to the same font_face, font_matrix, ctm,
 * and font_options as @scaled_font).  Additionally, the x_advance and
 * y_advance values indicate the amount by which the current point
 * would be advanced by cairo_show_glyphs().
 *
 * Note that whitespace glyphs do not contribute to the size of the
 * rectangle (extents.width and extents.height).
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_glyph_extents (cairo_scaled_font_t   *scaled_font,
                         const cairo_glyph_t   *glyphs,
                         int                    num_glyphs,
                         cairo_text_extents_t  *extents)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    int i;
    double min_x = 0.0, min_y = 0.0, max_x = 0.0, max_y = 0.0;
    cairo_bool_t visible = FALSE;
    cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph = NULL;

    extents->x_bearing = 0.0;
    extents->y_bearing = 0.0;
    extents->width  = 0.0;
    extents->height = 0.0;
    extents->x_advance = 0.0;
    extents->y_advance = 0.0;

    if (unlikely (scaled_font->status))
      goto ZERO_EXTENTS;

    if (num_glyphs == 0)
      goto ZERO_EXTENTS;

    if (unlikely (num_glyphs < 0)) {
      _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NEGATIVE_COUNT);
      /* XXX Can't propagate error */
      goto ZERO_EXTENTS;
    }

    if (unlikely (glyphs == NULL)) {
      _cairo_error_throw (CAIRO_STATUS_NULL_POINTER);
      /* XXX Can't propagate error */
      goto ZERO_EXTENTS;
    }

    _cairo_scaled_font_freeze_cache (scaled_font);

    for (i = 0; i < num_glyphs; i++) {
      double                  left, top, right, bottom;

      status = _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (scaled_font,
                                   glyphs[i].index,
                                   CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS,
                                   &scaled_glyph);
      if (unlikely (status)) {
          status = _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);
          goto UNLOCK;
      }

      /* "Ink" extents should skip "invisible" glyphs */
      if (scaled_glyph->metrics.width == 0 || scaled_glyph->metrics.height == 0)
          continue;

      left = scaled_glyph->metrics.x_bearing + glyphs[i].x;
      right = left + scaled_glyph->metrics.width;
      top = scaled_glyph->metrics.y_bearing + glyphs[i].y;
      bottom = top + scaled_glyph->metrics.height;

      if (!visible) {
          visible = TRUE;
          min_x = left;
          max_x = right;
          min_y = top;
          max_y = bottom;
      } else {
          if (left < min_x) min_x = left;
          if (right > max_x) max_x = right;
          if (top < min_y) min_y = top;
          if (bottom > max_y) max_y = bottom;
      }
    }

    if (visible) {
      extents->x_bearing = min_x - glyphs[0].x;
      extents->y_bearing = min_y - glyphs[0].y;
      extents->width = max_x - min_x;
      extents->height = max_y - min_y;
    } else {
      extents->x_bearing = 0.0;
      extents->y_bearing = 0.0;
      extents->width = 0.0;
      extents->height = 0.0;
    }

    if (num_glyphs) {
        double x0, y0, x1, y1;

      x0 = glyphs[0].x;
      y0 = glyphs[0].y;

      /* scaled_glyph contains the glyph for num_glyphs - 1 already. */
      x1 = glyphs[num_glyphs - 1].x + scaled_glyph->metrics.x_advance;
      y1 = glyphs[num_glyphs - 1].y + scaled_glyph->metrics.y_advance;

      extents->x_advance = x1 - x0;
      extents->y_advance = y1 - y0;
    } else {
      extents->x_advance = 0.0;
      extents->y_advance = 0.0;
    }

 UNLOCK:
    _cairo_scaled_font_thaw_cache (scaled_font);
    return;

ZERO_EXTENTS:
    extents->x_bearing = 0.0;
    extents->y_bearing = 0.0;
    extents->width  = 0.0;
    extents->height = 0.0;
    extents->x_advance = 0.0;
    extents->y_advance = 0.0;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_glyph_extents);

#define GLYPH_LUT_SIZE 64
static cairo_status_t
cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs_internal_cached (cairo_scaled_font_t          *scaled_font,
                                        double                x,
                                        double                y,
                                        const char                 *utf8,
                                        cairo_glyph_t        *glyphs,
                                        cairo_text_cluster_t      **clusters,
                                        int                         num_chars)
{
    struct glyph_lut_elt {
      unsigned long index;
      double x_advance;
      double y_advance;
    } glyph_lut[GLYPH_LUT_SIZE];
    uint32_t glyph_lut_unicode[GLYPH_LUT_SIZE];
    cairo_status_t status;
    const char *p;
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < GLYPH_LUT_SIZE; i++)
      glyph_lut_unicode[i] = ~0U;

    p = utf8;
    for (i = 0; i < num_chars; i++) {
      int idx, num_bytes;
      uint32_t unicode;
      cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph;
      struct glyph_lut_elt *glyph_slot;

      num_bytes = _cairo_utf8_get_char_validated (p, &unicode);
      p += num_bytes;

      glyphs[i].x = x;
      glyphs[i].y = y;

      idx = unicode % ARRAY_LENGTH (glyph_lut);
      glyph_slot = &glyph_lut[idx];
      if (glyph_lut_unicode[idx] == unicode) {
          glyphs[i].index = glyph_slot->index;
          x += glyph_slot->x_advance;
          y += glyph_slot->y_advance;
      } else {
          unsigned long g;

          g = scaled_font->backend->ucs4_to_index (scaled_font, unicode);
          status = _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (scaled_font,
                                     g,
                                     CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS,
                                     &scaled_glyph);
          if (unlikely (status))
            return status;

          x += scaled_glyph->metrics.x_advance;
          y += scaled_glyph->metrics.y_advance;

          glyph_lut_unicode[idx] = unicode;
          glyph_slot->index = g;
          glyph_slot->x_advance = scaled_glyph->metrics.x_advance;
          glyph_slot->y_advance = scaled_glyph->metrics.y_advance;

          glyphs[i].index = g;
      }

      if (clusters) {
          (*clusters)[i].num_bytes  = num_bytes;
          (*clusters)[i].num_glyphs = 1;
      }
    }

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

static cairo_status_t
cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs_internal_uncached (cairo_scaled_font_t  *scaled_font,
                                      double            x,
                                      double            y,
                                      const char             *utf8,
                                      cairo_glyph_t          *glyphs,
                                      cairo_text_cluster_t  **clusters,
                                      int               num_chars)
{
    const char *p;
    int i;

    p = utf8;
    for (i = 0; i < num_chars; i++) {
      unsigned long g;
      int num_bytes;
      uint32_t unicode;
      cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph;
      cairo_status_t status;

      num_bytes = _cairo_utf8_get_char_validated (p, &unicode);
      p += num_bytes;

      glyphs[i].x = x;
      glyphs[i].y = y;

      g = scaled_font->backend->ucs4_to_index (scaled_font, unicode);

      /*
       * No advance needed for a single character string. So, let's speed up
       * one-character strings by skipping glyph lookup.
       */
      if (num_chars > 1) {
          status = _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (scaled_font,
                                   g,
                                   CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS,
                                   &scaled_glyph);
          if (unlikely (status))
            return status;

          x += scaled_glyph->metrics.x_advance;
          y += scaled_glyph->metrics.y_advance;
      }

      glyphs[i].index = g;

      if (clusters) {
          (*clusters)[i].num_bytes  = num_bytes;
          (*clusters)[i].num_glyphs = 1;
      }
    }

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs:
 * @x: X position to place first glyph
 * @y: Y position to place first glyph
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @utf8: a string of text encoded in UTF-8
 * @utf8_len: length of @utf8 in bytes, or -1 if it is NUL-terminated
 * @glyphs: pointer to array of glyphs to fill
 * @num_glyphs: pointer to number of glyphs
 * @clusters: pointer to array of cluster mapping information to fill, or %NULL
 * @num_clusters: pointer to number of clusters, or %NULL
 * @cluster_flags: pointer to location to store cluster flags corresponding to the
 *                 output @clusters, or %NULL
 *
 * Converts UTF-8 text to an array of glyphs, optionally with cluster
 * mapping, that can be used to render later using @scaled_font.
 *
 * If @glyphs initially points to a non-%NULL value, that array is used
 * as a glyph buffer, and @num_glyphs should point to the number of glyph
 * entries available there.  If the provided glyph array is too short for
 * the conversion, a new glyph array is allocated using cairo_glyph_allocate()
 * and placed in @glyphs.  Upon return, @num_glyphs always contains the
 * number of generated glyphs.  If the value @glyphs points to has changed
 * after the call, the user is responsible for freeing the allocated glyph
 * array using cairo_glyph_free().  This may happen even if the provided
 * array was large enough.
 *
 * If @clusters is not %NULL, @num_clusters and @cluster_flags should not be %NULL,
 * and cluster mapping will be computed.
 * The semantics of how cluster array allocation works is similar to the glyph
 * array.  That is,
 * if @clusters initially points to a non-%NULL value, that array is used
 * as a cluster buffer, and @num_clusters should point to the number of cluster
 * entries available there.  If the provided cluster array is too short for
 * the conversion, a new cluster array is allocated using cairo_text_cluster_allocate()
 * and placed in @clusters.  Upon return, @num_clusters always contains the
 * number of generated clusters.  If the value @clusters points at has changed
 * after the call, the user is responsible for freeing the allocated cluster
 * array using cairo_text_cluster_free().  This may happen even if the provided
 * array was large enough.
 *
 * In the simplest case, @glyphs and @clusters can point to %NULL initially
 * and a suitable array will be allocated.  In code:
 * <informalexample><programlisting>
 * cairo_status_t status;
 *
 * cairo_glyph_t *glyphs = NULL;
 * int num_glyphs;
 * cairo_text_cluster_t *clusters = NULL;
 * int num_clusters;
 * cairo_text_cluster_flags_t cluster_flags;
 *
 * status = cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs (scaled_font,
 *                                            x, y,
 *                                            utf8, utf8_len,
 *                                            &amp;glyphs, &amp;num_glyphs,
 *                                            &amp;clusters, &amp;num_clusters, &amp;cluster_flags);
 *
 * if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
 *     cairo_show_text_glyphs (cr,
 *                             utf8, utf8_len,
 *                             glyphs, num_glyphs,
 *                             clusters, num_clusters, cluster_flags);
 *
 *     cairo_glyph_free (glyphs);
 *     cairo_text_cluster_free (clusters);
 * }
 * </programlisting></informalexample>
 *
 * If no cluster mapping is needed:
 * <informalexample><programlisting>
 * cairo_status_t status;
 *
 * cairo_glyph_t *glyphs = NULL;
 * int num_glyphs;
 *
 * status = cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs (scaled_font,
 *                                            x, y,
 *                                            utf8, utf8_len,
 *                                            &amp;glyphs, &amp;num_glyphs,
 *                                            NULL, NULL,
 *                                            NULL);
 *
 * if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
 *     cairo_show_glyphs (cr, glyphs, num_glyphs);
 *     cairo_glyph_free (glyphs);
 * }
 * </programlisting></informalexample>
 *
 * If stack-based glyph and cluster arrays are to be used for small
 * arrays:
 * <informalexample><programlisting>
 * cairo_status_t status;
 *
 * cairo_glyph_t stack_glyphs[40];
 * cairo_glyph_t *glyphs = stack_glyphs;
 * int num_glyphs = sizeof (stack_glyphs) / sizeof (stack_glyphs[0]);
 * cairo_text_cluster_t stack_clusters[40];
 * cairo_text_cluster_t *clusters = stack_clusters;
 * int num_clusters = sizeof (stack_clusters) / sizeof (stack_clusters[0]);
 * cairo_text_cluster_flags_t cluster_flags;
 *
 * status = cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs (scaled_font,
 *                                            x, y,
 *                                            utf8, utf8_len,
 *                                            &amp;glyphs, &amp;num_glyphs,
 *                                            &amp;clusters, &amp;num_clusters, &amp;cluster_flags);
 *
 * if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
 *     cairo_show_text_glyphs (cr,
 *                             utf8, utf8_len,
 *                             glyphs, num_glyphs,
 *                             clusters, num_clusters, cluster_flags);
 *
 *     if (glyphs != stack_glyphs)
 *         cairo_glyph_free (glyphs);
 *     if (clusters != stack_clusters)
 *         cairo_text_cluster_free (clusters);
 * }
 * </programlisting></informalexample>
 *
 * For details of how @clusters, @num_clusters, and @cluster_flags map input
 * UTF-8 text to the output glyphs see cairo_show_text_glyphs().
 *
 * The output values can be readily passed to cairo_show_text_glyphs()
 * cairo_show_glyphs(), or related functions, assuming that the exact
 * same @scaled_font is used for the operation.
 *
 * Return value: %CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS upon success, or an error status
 * if the input values are wrong or if conversion failed.  If the input
 * values are correct but the conversion failed, the error status is also
 * set on @scaled_font.
 *
 * Since: 1.8
 **/
#define CACHING_THRESHOLD 16
cairo_status_t
cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs (cairo_scaled_font_t   *scaled_font,
                          double           x,
                          double           y,
                          const char              *utf8,
                          int                utf8_len,
                          cairo_glyph_t          **glyphs,
                          int               *num_glyphs,
                          cairo_text_cluster_t **clusters,
                          int               *num_clusters,
                          cairo_text_cluster_flags_t *cluster_flags)
{
    int num_chars = 0;
    cairo_status_t status;
    cairo_glyph_t *orig_glyphs;
    cairo_text_cluster_t *orig_clusters;

    status = scaled_font->status;
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    /* A slew of sanity checks */

    /* glyphs and num_glyphs can't be NULL */
    if (glyphs     == NULL ||
      num_glyphs == NULL) {
      status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NULL_POINTER);
      goto BAIL;
    }

    /* Special case for NULL and -1 */
    if (utf8 == NULL && utf8_len == -1)
      utf8_len = 0;

    /* No NULLs for non-NULLs! */
    if ((utf8_len && utf8          == NULL) ||
      (clusters && num_clusters  == NULL) ||
      (clusters && cluster_flags == NULL)) {
      status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NULL_POINTER);
      goto BAIL;
    }

    /* A -1 for utf8_len means NUL-terminated */
    if (utf8_len == -1)
      utf8_len = strlen (utf8);

    /* A NULL *glyphs means no prealloced glyphs array */
    if (glyphs && *glyphs == NULL)
      *num_glyphs = 0;

    /* A NULL *clusters means no prealloced clusters array */
    if (clusters && *clusters == NULL)
      *num_clusters = 0;

    if (!clusters && num_clusters) {
      num_clusters = NULL;
    }

    if (cluster_flags) {
      *cluster_flags = FALSE;
    }

    if (!clusters && cluster_flags) {
      cluster_flags = NULL;
    }

    /* Apart from that, no negatives */
    if (utf8_len < 0 ||
      *num_glyphs < 0 ||
      (num_clusters && *num_clusters < 0)) {
      status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NEGATIVE_COUNT);
      goto BAIL;
    }

    if (utf8_len == 0) {
      status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
      goto BAIL;
    }

    /* validate input so backend does not have to */
    status = _cairo_utf8_to_ucs4 (utf8, utf8_len, NULL, &num_chars);
    if (unlikely (status))
      goto BAIL;

    _cairo_scaled_font_freeze_cache (scaled_font);

    orig_glyphs = *glyphs;
    orig_clusters = clusters ? *clusters : NULL;

    if (scaled_font->backend->text_to_glyphs) {
      status = scaled_font->backend->text_to_glyphs (scaled_font, x, y,
                                           utf8, utf8_len,
                                           glyphs, num_glyphs,
                                           clusters, num_clusters,
                                           cluster_flags);
        if (status != CAIRO_INT_STATUS_UNSUPPORTED) {
          if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
              /* The checks here are crude; we only should do them in
             * user-font backend, but they don't hurt here.  This stuff
             * can be hard to get right. */

              if (*num_glyphs < 0) {
                status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NEGATIVE_COUNT);
                goto DONE;
            }
            if (num_glyphs && *glyphs == NULL) {
                status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NULL_POINTER);
                goto DONE;
            }

            if (clusters) {
                if (*num_clusters < 0) {
                  status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NEGATIVE_COUNT);
                  goto DONE;
                }
                if (num_clusters && *clusters == NULL) {
                  status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NULL_POINTER);
                  goto DONE;
                }

                /* Don't trust the backend, validate clusters! */
                status =
                  _cairo_validate_text_clusters (utf8, utf8_len,
                                           *glyphs, *num_glyphs,
                                           *clusters, *num_clusters,
                                           *cluster_flags);
            }
          }

            goto DONE;
      }
    }

    if (*num_glyphs < num_chars) {
      *glyphs = cairo_glyph_allocate (num_chars);
      if (unlikely (*glyphs == NULL)) {
          status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
          goto DONE;
      }
    }
    *num_glyphs = num_chars;

    if (clusters) {
      if (*num_clusters < num_chars) {
          *clusters = cairo_text_cluster_allocate (num_chars);
          if (unlikely (*clusters == NULL)) {
            status = _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
            goto DONE;
          }
      }
      *num_clusters = num_chars;
    }

    if (num_chars > CACHING_THRESHOLD)
      status = cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs_internal_cached (scaled_font,
                                                     x, y,
                                                     utf8,
                                                     *glyphs,
                                                     clusters,
                                                     num_chars);
    else
      status = cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs_internal_uncached (scaled_font,
                                                   x, y,
                                                   utf8,
                                                   *glyphs,
                                                   clusters,
                                                   num_chars);

 DONE: /* error that should be logged on scaled_font happened */
    _cairo_scaled_font_thaw_cache (scaled_font);

    if (unlikely (status)) {
      *num_glyphs = 0;
      if (*glyphs != orig_glyphs) {
          cairo_glyph_free (*glyphs);
          *glyphs = orig_glyphs;
      }

      if (clusters) {
          *num_clusters = 0;
          if (*clusters != orig_clusters) {
            cairo_text_cluster_free (*clusters);
            *clusters = orig_clusters;
          }
      }
    }

    return _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);

 BAIL: /* error with input arguments */

    if (num_glyphs)
      *num_glyphs = 0;

    if (num_clusters)
      *num_clusters = 0;

    return status;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_text_to_glyphs);

static inline cairo_bool_t
_range_contains_glyph (const cairo_box_t *extents,
                   cairo_fixed_t left,
                   cairo_fixed_t top,
                   cairo_fixed_t right,
                   cairo_fixed_t bottom)
{
    return right > extents->p1.x &&
         left < extents->p2.x &&
         bottom > extents->p1.y &&
         top < extents->p2.y;
}

/*
 * Compute a device-space bounding box for the glyphs.
 */
cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_glyph_device_extents (cairo_scaled_font_t       *scaled_font,
                               const cairo_glyph_t     *glyphs,
                               int                      num_glyphs,
                               cairo_rectangle_int_t   *extents,
                               cairo_bool_t *overlap_out)
{
    cairo_status_t status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
    cairo_box_t box = { { INT_MAX, INT_MAX }, { INT_MIN, INT_MIN }};
    cairo_scaled_glyph_t *glyph_cache[64];
    cairo_bool_t overlap = overlap_out ? FALSE : TRUE;
    int i;

    if (unlikely (scaled_font->status))
      return scaled_font->status;

    _cairo_scaled_font_freeze_cache (scaled_font);

    memset (glyph_cache, 0, sizeof (glyph_cache));

    for (i = 0; i < num_glyphs; i++) {
      cairo_scaled_glyph_t    *scaled_glyph;
      cairo_fixed_t x, y, x1, y1, x2, y2;
      int cache_index = glyphs[i].index % ARRAY_LENGTH (glyph_cache);

      scaled_glyph = glyph_cache[cache_index];
      if (scaled_glyph == NULL ||
          _cairo_scaled_glyph_index (scaled_glyph) != glyphs[i].index)
      {
          status = _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (scaled_font,
                                     glyphs[i].index,
                                     CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS,
                                     &scaled_glyph);
          if (unlikely (status))
            break;

          glyph_cache[cache_index] = scaled_glyph;
      }

      x = _cairo_fixed_from_double (glyphs[i].x);
      x1 = x + scaled_glyph->bbox.p1.x;
      x2 = x + scaled_glyph->bbox.p2.x;

      y = _cairo_fixed_from_double (glyphs[i].y);
      y1 = y + scaled_glyph->bbox.p1.y;
      y2 = y + scaled_glyph->bbox.p2.y;

      if (overlap == FALSE)
          overlap = _range_contains_glyph (&box, x1, y1, x2, y2);

      if (x1 < box.p1.x) box.p1.x = x1;
      if (x2 > box.p2.x) box.p2.x = x2;
      if (y1 < box.p1.y) box.p1.y = y1;
      if (y2 > box.p2.y) box.p2.y = y2;
    }

    _cairo_scaled_font_thaw_cache (scaled_font);
    if (unlikely (status))
      return _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);

    if (box.p1.x < box.p2.x) {
      _cairo_box_round_to_rectangle (&box, extents);
    } else {
      extents->x = extents->y = 0;
      extents->width = extents->height = 0;
    }

    if (overlap_out != NULL)
      *overlap_out = overlap;

    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_font_glyph_approximate_extents (cairo_scaled_font_t  *scaled_font,
                                    const cairo_glyph_t      *glyphs,
                                    int                      num_glyphs,
                                    cairo_rectangle_int_t   *extents)
{
    double x0 = HUGE_VAL, x1 = -HUGE_VAL;
    double y0 = HUGE_VAL, y1 = -HUGE_VAL;
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < num_glyphs; i++) {
      double g;

      g = glyphs[i].x;
      if (g < x0) x0 = g;
      if (g > x1) x1 = g;

      g = glyphs[i].y;
      if (g < y0) y0 = g;
      if (g > y1) y1 = g;
    }

    if (x0 <= x1 && y0 <= y1) {
      extents->x = floor (x0 - scaled_font->extents.max_x_advance);
      extents->width = ceil (x1 + scaled_font->extents.max_x_advance);
      extents->width -= extents->x;

      extents->y = floor (y0 - scaled_font->extents.ascent);
      extents->height = ceil (y1 + scaled_font->extents.descent);
      extents->height -= extents->y;
    } else {
      extents->x = extents->y = 0;
      extents->width = extents->height = 0;
    }
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_show_glyphs (cairo_scaled_font_t   *scaled_font,
                        cairo_operator_t   op,
                        const cairo_pattern_t   *pattern,
                        cairo_surface_t         *surface,
                        int                source_x,
                        int                source_y,
                        int                dest_x,
                        int                dest_y,
                        unsigned int             width,
                        unsigned int             height,
                        cairo_glyph_t           *glyphs,
                        int                num_glyphs,
                        cairo_region_t          *clip_region)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    cairo_surface_t *mask = NULL;
    cairo_format_t mask_format = CAIRO_FORMAT_A1; /* shut gcc up */
    cairo_surface_pattern_t mask_pattern;
    int i;

    /* These operators aren't interpreted the same way by the backends;
     * they are implemented in terms of other operators in cairo-gstate.c
     */
    assert (op != CAIRO_OPERATOR_SOURCE && op != CAIRO_OPERATOR_CLEAR);

    if (scaled_font->status)
      return scaled_font->status;

    if (!num_glyphs)
      return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;

    if (scaled_font->backend->show_glyphs != NULL) {
      int remaining_glyphs = num_glyphs;
      status = scaled_font->backend->show_glyphs (scaled_font,
                                        op, pattern,
                                        surface,
                                        source_x, source_y,
                                        dest_x, dest_y,
                                        width, height,
                                        glyphs, num_glyphs,
                                        clip_region,
                                        &remaining_glyphs);
      glyphs += num_glyphs - remaining_glyphs;
      num_glyphs = remaining_glyphs;
      if (remaining_glyphs == 0)
          status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
      if (status != CAIRO_INT_STATUS_UNSUPPORTED)
          return _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);
    }

    /* Font display routine either does not exist or failed. */

    _cairo_scaled_font_freeze_cache (scaled_font);

    for (i = 0; i < num_glyphs; i++) {
      int x, y;
      cairo_image_surface_t *glyph_surface;
      cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph;

      status = _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (scaled_font,
                                   glyphs[i].index,
                                   CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_SURFACE,
                                   &scaled_glyph);

      if (unlikely (status))
          goto CLEANUP_MASK;

      glyph_surface = scaled_glyph->surface;

      /* To start, create the mask using the format from the first
       * glyph. Later we'll deal with different formats. */
      if (mask == NULL) {
          mask_format = glyph_surface->format;
          mask = cairo_image_surface_create (mask_format, width, height);
          status = mask->status;
          if (unlikely (status))
            goto CLEANUP_MASK;
      }

      /* If we have glyphs of different formats, we "upgrade" the mask
       * to the wider of the formats. */
      if (glyph_surface->format != mask_format &&
          _cairo_format_bits_per_pixel (mask_format) <
          _cairo_format_bits_per_pixel (glyph_surface->format) )
      {
          cairo_surface_t *new_mask;

          switch (glyph_surface->format) {
          case CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32:
          case CAIRO_FORMAT_A8:
          case CAIRO_FORMAT_A1:
            mask_format = glyph_surface->format;
            break;
          case CAIRO_FORMAT_RGB16_565:
          case CAIRO_FORMAT_RGB24:
          case CAIRO_FORMAT_INVALID:
          default:
            ASSERT_NOT_REACHED;
            mask_format = CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32;
            break;
          }

          new_mask = cairo_image_surface_create (mask_format, width, height);
          status = new_mask->status;
          if (unlikely (status)) {
            cairo_surface_destroy (new_mask);
            goto CLEANUP_MASK;
          }

          _cairo_pattern_init_for_surface (&mask_pattern, mask);
          /* Note that we only upgrade masks, i.e. A1 -> A8 -> ARGB32, so there is
           * never any component alpha here.
           */
          status = _cairo_surface_composite (CAIRO_OPERATOR_ADD,
                                     &_cairo_pattern_white.base,
                                     &mask_pattern.base,
                                     new_mask,
                                     0, 0,
                                     0, 0,
                                     0, 0,
                                     width, height,
                                     NULL);

          _cairo_pattern_fini (&mask_pattern.base);

          if (unlikely (status)) {
            cairo_surface_destroy (new_mask);
            goto CLEANUP_MASK;
          }

          cairo_surface_destroy (mask);
          mask = new_mask;
      }

      if (glyph_surface->width && glyph_surface->height) {
          cairo_surface_pattern_t glyph_pattern;

          /* round glyph locations to the nearest pixel */
          /* XXX: FRAGILE: We're ignoring device_transform scaling here. A bug? */
          x = _cairo_lround (glyphs[i].x -
                         glyph_surface->base.device_transform.x0);
          y = _cairo_lround (glyphs[i].y -
                         glyph_surface->base.device_transform.y0);

          _cairo_pattern_init_for_surface (&glyph_pattern,
                                   &glyph_surface->base);
          if (mask_format == CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32)
            glyph_pattern.base.has_component_alpha = TRUE;

          status = _cairo_surface_composite (CAIRO_OPERATOR_ADD,
                                     &_cairo_pattern_white.base,
                                     &glyph_pattern.base,
                                     mask,
                                     0, 0,
                                     0, 0,
                                     x - dest_x, y - dest_y,
                                     glyph_surface->width,
                                     glyph_surface->height,
                                     NULL);

          _cairo_pattern_fini (&glyph_pattern.base);

          if (unlikely (status))
            goto CLEANUP_MASK;
      }
    }

    _cairo_pattern_init_for_surface (&mask_pattern, mask);
    if (mask_format == CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32)
      mask_pattern.base.has_component_alpha = TRUE;

    status = _cairo_surface_composite (op, pattern, &mask_pattern.base,
                               surface,
                               source_x, source_y,
                               0,        0,
                               dest_x,   dest_y,
                               width,    height,
                               clip_region);

    _cairo_pattern_fini (&mask_pattern.base);

CLEANUP_MASK:
    _cairo_scaled_font_thaw_cache (scaled_font);

    if (mask != NULL)
      cairo_surface_destroy (mask);
    return _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);
}

/* Add a single-device-unit rectangle to a path. */
static cairo_status_t
_add_unit_rectangle_to_path (cairo_path_fixed_t *path,
                       cairo_fixed_t x,
                       cairo_fixed_t y)
{
    cairo_status_t status;

    status = _cairo_path_fixed_move_to (path, x, y);
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    status = _cairo_path_fixed_rel_line_to (path,
                                  _cairo_fixed_from_int (1),
                                  _cairo_fixed_from_int (0));
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    status = _cairo_path_fixed_rel_line_to (path,
                                  _cairo_fixed_from_int (0),
                                  _cairo_fixed_from_int (1));
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    status = _cairo_path_fixed_rel_line_to (path,
                                  _cairo_fixed_from_int (-1),
                                  _cairo_fixed_from_int (0));
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    return _cairo_path_fixed_close_path (path);
}

/**
 * _trace_mask_to_path:
 * @bitmap: An alpha mask (either %CAIRO_FORMAT_A1 or %CAIRO_FORMAT_A8)
 * @path: An initialized path to hold the result
 *
 * Given a mask surface, (an alpha image), fill out the provided path
 * so that when filled it would result in something that approximates
 * the mask.
 *
 * Note: The current tracing code here is extremely primitive. It
 * operates only on an A1 surface, (converting an A8 surface to A1 if
 * necessary), and performs the tracing by drawing a little square
 * around each pixel that is on in the mask. We do not pretend that
 * this is a high-quality result. But we are leaving it up to someone
 * who cares enough about getting a better result to implement
 * something more sophisticated.
 **/
static cairo_status_t
_trace_mask_to_path (cairo_image_surface_t *mask,
                 cairo_path_fixed_t *path,
                 double tx, double ty)
{
    const uint8_t *row;
    int rows, cols, bytes_per_row;
    int x, y, bit;
    double xoff, yoff;
    cairo_fixed_t x0, y0;
    cairo_fixed_t px, py;
    cairo_status_t status;

    mask = _cairo_image_surface_coerce_to_format (mask, CAIRO_FORMAT_A1);
    status = mask->base.status;
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    cairo_surface_get_device_offset (&mask->base, &xoff, &yoff);
    x0 = _cairo_fixed_from_double (tx - xoff);
    y0 = _cairo_fixed_from_double (ty - yoff);

    bytes_per_row = (mask->width + 7) / 8;
    row = mask->data;
    for (y = 0, rows = mask->height; rows--; row += mask->stride, y++) {
      const uint8_t *byte_ptr = row;
      x = 0;
      py = _cairo_fixed_from_int (y);
      for (cols = bytes_per_row; cols--; ) {
          uint8_t byte = *byte_ptr++;
          if (byte == 0) {
            x += 8;
            continue;
          }

          byte = CAIRO_BITSWAP8_IF_LITTLE_ENDIAN (byte);
          for (bit = 1 << 7; bit && x < mask->width; bit >>= 1, x++) {
            if (byte & bit) {
                px = _cairo_fixed_from_int (x);
                status = _add_unit_rectangle_to_path (path,
                                            px + x0,
                                            py + y0);
                if (unlikely (status))
                  goto BAIL;
            }
          }
      }
    }

BAIL:
    cairo_surface_destroy (&mask->base);

    return status;
}

cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_glyph_path (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                         const cairo_glyph_t *glyphs,
                         int            num_glyphs,
                         cairo_path_fixed_t  *path)
{
    cairo_status_t status;
    int     i;

    status = scaled_font->status;
    if (unlikely (status))
      return status;

    _cairo_scaled_font_freeze_cache (scaled_font);
    for (i = 0; i < num_glyphs; i++) {
      cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph;

      status = _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (scaled_font,
                                   glyphs[i].index,
                                   CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_PATH,
                                   &scaled_glyph);
      if (status == CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
          status = _cairo_path_fixed_append (path,
                                     scaled_glyph->path, CAIRO_DIRECTION_FORWARD,
                                     _cairo_fixed_from_double (glyphs[i].x),
                                     _cairo_fixed_from_double (glyphs[i].y));

      } else if (status == CAIRO_INT_STATUS_UNSUPPORTED) {
          /* If the font is incapable of providing a path, then we'll
           * have to trace our own from a surface.
           */
          status = _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (scaled_font,
                                     glyphs[i].index,
                                     CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_SURFACE,
                                     &scaled_glyph);
          if (unlikely (status))
            goto BAIL;

          status = _trace_mask_to_path (scaled_glyph->surface, path,
                                glyphs[i].x, glyphs[i].y);
      }

      if (unlikely (status))
          goto BAIL;
    }
  BAIL:
    _cairo_scaled_font_thaw_cache (scaled_font);

    return _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);
}

/**
 * _cairo_scaled_glyph_set_metrics:
 * @scaled_glyph: a #cairo_scaled_glyph_t
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @fs_metrics: a #cairo_text_extents_t in font space
 *
 * _cairo_scaled_glyph_set_metrics() stores user space metrics
 * for the specified glyph given font space metrics. It is
 * called by the font backend when initializing a glyph with
 * %CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS.
 **/
void
_cairo_scaled_glyph_set_metrics (cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph,
                         cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                         cairo_text_extents_t *fs_metrics)
{
    cairo_bool_t first = TRUE;
    double hm, wm;
    double min_user_x = 0.0, max_user_x = 0.0, min_user_y = 0.0, max_user_y = 0.0;
    double min_device_x = 0.0, max_device_x = 0.0, min_device_y = 0.0, max_device_y = 0.0;
    double device_x_advance, device_y_advance;

    scaled_glyph->fs_metrics = *fs_metrics;

    for (hm = 0.0; hm <= 1.0; hm += 1.0)
      for (wm = 0.0; wm <= 1.0; wm += 1.0) {
          double x, y;

          /* Transform this corner to user space */
          x = fs_metrics->x_bearing + fs_metrics->width * wm;
          y = fs_metrics->y_bearing + fs_metrics->height * hm;
          cairo_matrix_transform_point (&scaled_font->font_matrix,
                                &x, &y);
          if (first) {
            min_user_x = max_user_x = x;
            min_user_y = max_user_y = y;
          } else {
            if (x < min_user_x) min_user_x = x;
            if (x > max_user_x) max_user_x = x;
            if (y < min_user_y) min_user_y = y;
            if (y > max_user_y) max_user_y = y;
          }

          /* Transform this corner to device space from glyph origin */
          x = fs_metrics->x_bearing + fs_metrics->width * wm;
          y = fs_metrics->y_bearing + fs_metrics->height * hm;
          cairo_matrix_transform_distance (&scaled_font->scale,
                                   &x, &y);

          if (first) {
            min_device_x = max_device_x = x;
            min_device_y = max_device_y = y;
          } else {
            if (x < min_device_x) min_device_x = x;
            if (x > max_device_x) max_device_x = x;
            if (y < min_device_y) min_device_y = y;
            if (y > max_device_y) max_device_y = y;
          }
          first = FALSE;
      }
    scaled_glyph->metrics.x_bearing = min_user_x;
    scaled_glyph->metrics.y_bearing = min_user_y;
    scaled_glyph->metrics.width = max_user_x - min_user_x;
    scaled_glyph->metrics.height = max_user_y - min_user_y;

    scaled_glyph->metrics.x_advance = fs_metrics->x_advance;
    scaled_glyph->metrics.y_advance = fs_metrics->y_advance;
    cairo_matrix_transform_distance (&scaled_font->font_matrix,
                             &scaled_glyph->metrics.x_advance,
                             &scaled_glyph->metrics.y_advance);

    device_x_advance = fs_metrics->x_advance;
    device_y_advance = fs_metrics->y_advance;
    cairo_matrix_transform_distance (&scaled_font->scale,
                             &device_x_advance,
                             &device_y_advance);

    scaled_glyph->bbox.p1.x = _cairo_fixed_from_double (min_device_x);
    scaled_glyph->bbox.p1.y = _cairo_fixed_from_double (min_device_y);
    scaled_glyph->bbox.p2.x = _cairo_fixed_from_double (max_device_x);
    scaled_glyph->bbox.p2.y = _cairo_fixed_from_double (max_device_y);

    scaled_glyph->x_advance = _cairo_lround (device_x_advance);
    scaled_glyph->y_advance = _cairo_lround (device_y_advance);

    scaled_glyph->has_info |= CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_glyph_set_surface (cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph,
                         cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                         cairo_image_surface_t *surface)
{
    if (scaled_glyph->surface != NULL)
      cairo_surface_destroy (&scaled_glyph->surface->base);

    /* sanity check the backend glyph contents */
    _cairo_debug_check_image_surface_is_defined (&surface->base);
    scaled_glyph->surface = surface;

    if (surface != NULL)
      scaled_glyph->has_info |= CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_SURFACE;
    else
      scaled_glyph->has_info &= ~CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_SURFACE;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_glyph_set_path (cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph,
                        cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                        cairo_path_fixed_t *path)
{
    if (scaled_glyph->path != NULL)
      _cairo_path_fixed_destroy (scaled_glyph->path);

    scaled_glyph->path = path;

    if (path != NULL)
      scaled_glyph->has_info |= CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_PATH;
    else
      scaled_glyph->has_info &= ~CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_PATH;
}

void
_cairo_scaled_glyph_set_recording_surface (cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph,
                                 cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                                 cairo_surface_t *recording_surface)
{
    if (scaled_glyph->recording_surface != NULL) {
      cairo_surface_finish (scaled_glyph->recording_surface);
      cairo_surface_destroy (scaled_glyph->recording_surface);
    }

    scaled_glyph->recording_surface = recording_surface;

    if (recording_surface != NULL)
      scaled_glyph->has_info |= CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_RECORDING_SURFACE;
    else
      scaled_glyph->has_info &= ~CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_RECORDING_SURFACE;
}

static cairo_bool_t
_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_can_remove (const void *closure)
{
    const cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t *page = closure;
    const cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font;

    scaled_font = (cairo_scaled_font_t *) page->cache_entry.hash;
    return scaled_font->cache_frozen == 0;
}

static cairo_status_t
_cairo_scaled_font_allocate_glyph (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                           cairo_scaled_glyph_t **scaled_glyph)
{
    cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t *page;
    cairo_status_t status;

    /* only the first page in the list may contain available slots */
    if (! cairo_list_is_empty (&scaled_font->glyph_pages)) {
        page = cairo_list_last_entry (&scaled_font->glyph_pages,
                                      cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t,
                                      link);
        if (page->num_glyphs < CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_PAGE_SIZE) {
            *scaled_glyph = &page->glyphs[page->num_glyphs++];
            return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
        }
    }

    page = malloc (sizeof (cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t));
    if (unlikely (page == NULL))
      return _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);

    page->cache_entry.hash = (unsigned long) scaled_font;
    page->cache_entry.size = 1; /* XXX occupancy weighting? */
    page->num_glyphs = 0;

    CAIRO_MUTEX_LOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
    if (scaled_font->global_cache_frozen == FALSE) {
      if (unlikely (cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache.hash_table == NULL)) {
          status = _cairo_cache_init (&cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache,
                              NULL,
                              _cairo_scaled_glyph_page_can_remove,
                              _cairo_scaled_glyph_page_destroy,
                              MAX_GLYPH_PAGES_CACHED);
          if (unlikely (status)) {
            CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
            free (page);
            return status;
          }
      }

      _cairo_cache_freeze (&cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache);
      scaled_font->global_cache_frozen = TRUE;
    }

    status = _cairo_cache_insert (&cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache,
                          &page->cache_entry);
    CAIRO_MUTEX_UNLOCK (_cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache_mutex);
    if (unlikely (status)) {
      free (page);
      return status;
    }

    cairo_list_add_tail (&page->link, &scaled_font->glyph_pages);

    *scaled_glyph = &page->glyphs[page->num_glyphs++];
    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}

static void
_cairo_scaled_font_free_last_glyph (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                             cairo_scaled_glyph_t *scaled_glyph)
{
    cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t *page;

    assert (! cairo_list_is_empty (&scaled_font->glyph_pages));
    page = cairo_list_last_entry (&scaled_font->glyph_pages,
                                  cairo_scaled_glyph_page_t,
                                  link);
    assert (scaled_glyph == &page->glyphs[page->num_glyphs-1]);

    _cairo_scaled_glyph_fini (scaled_font, scaled_glyph);

    if (--page->num_glyphs == 0) {
      _cairo_cache_remove (&cairo_scaled_glyph_page_cache,
                         &page->cache_entry);
    }
}

/**
 * _cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @index: the glyph to create
 * @info: a #cairo_scaled_glyph_info_t marking which portions of
 * the glyph should be filled in.
 * @scaled_glyph_ret: a #cairo_scaled_glyph_t where the glyph
 * is returned.
 *
 * If the desired info is not available, (for example, when trying to
 * get INFO_PATH with a bitmapped font), this function will return
 * %CAIRO_INT_STATUS_UNSUPPORTED.
 *
 * Note: This function must be called with the scaled font frozen, and it must
 * remain frozen for as long as the @scaled_glyph_ret is alive. (If the scaled
 * font was not frozen, then there is no guarantee that the glyph would not be
 * evicted before you tried to access it.) See
 * _cairo_scaled_font_freeze_cache() and _cairo_scaled_font_thaw_cache().
 *
 * Returns: a glyph with the requested portions filled in. Glyph
 * lookup is cached and glyph will be automatically freed along
 * with the scaled_font so no explicit free is required.
 * @info can be one or more of:
 *  %CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS - glyph metrics and bounding box
 *  %CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_SURFACE - surface holding glyph image
 *  %CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_PATH - path holding glyph outline in device space
 **/
cairo_int_status_t
_cairo_scaled_glyph_lookup (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font,
                      unsigned long index,
                      cairo_scaled_glyph_info_t info,
                      cairo_scaled_glyph_t **scaled_glyph_ret)
{
    cairo_status_t             status = CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
    cairo_scaled_glyph_t      *scaled_glyph;
    cairo_scaled_glyph_info_t  need_info;

    *scaled_glyph_ret = NULL;

    if (unlikely (scaled_font->status))
      return scaled_font->status;

    if (CAIRO_INJECT_FAULT ())
      return _cairo_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);

    /*
     * Check cache for glyph
     */
    scaled_glyph = _cairo_hash_table_lookup (scaled_font->glyphs,
                                   (cairo_hash_entry_t *) &index);
    if (scaled_glyph == NULL) {
      status = _cairo_scaled_font_allocate_glyph (scaled_font, &scaled_glyph);
      if (unlikely (status))
          goto err;

      memset (scaled_glyph, 0, sizeof (cairo_scaled_glyph_t));
      _cairo_scaled_glyph_set_index (scaled_glyph, index);

      /* ask backend to initialize metrics and shape fields */
      status =
          scaled_font->backend->scaled_glyph_init (scaled_font,
                                         scaled_glyph,
                                         info | CAIRO_SCALED_GLYPH_INFO_METRICS);
      if (unlikely (status)) {
          _cairo_scaled_font_free_last_glyph (scaled_font, scaled_glyph);
          goto err;
      }

      status = _cairo_hash_table_insert (scaled_font->glyphs,
                                 &scaled_glyph->hash_entry);
      if (unlikely (status)) {
          _cairo_scaled_font_free_last_glyph (scaled_font, scaled_glyph);
          goto err;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Check and see if the glyph, as provided,
     * already has the requested data and amend it if not
     */
    need_info = info & ~scaled_glyph->has_info;
    if (need_info) {
      status = scaled_font->backend->scaled_glyph_init (scaled_font,
                                            scaled_glyph,
                                            need_info);
      if (unlikely (status))
          goto err;

      /* Don't trust the scaled_glyph_init() return value, the font
       * backend may not even know about some of the info.  For example,
       * no backend other than the user-fonts knows about recording-surface
       * glyph info. */
      if (info & ~scaled_glyph->has_info)
          return CAIRO_INT_STATUS_UNSUPPORTED;
    }

    *scaled_glyph_ret = scaled_glyph;
    return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;

err:
    /* It's not an error for the backend to not support the info we want. */
    if (status != CAIRO_INT_STATUS_UNSUPPORTED)
      status = _cairo_scaled_font_set_error (scaled_font, status);
    return status;
}

double
_cairo_scaled_font_get_max_scale (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    return scaled_font->max_scale;
}


/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_font_face:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 *
 * Gets the font face that this scaled font uses.  This is the
 * font face passed to cairo_scaled_font_create().
 *
 * Return value: The #cairo_font_face_t with which @scaled_font was
 * created.
 *
 * Since: 1.2
 **/
cairo_font_face_t *
cairo_scaled_font_get_font_face (cairo_scaled_font_t *scaled_font)
{
    if (scaled_font->status)
      return (cairo_font_face_t*) &_cairo_font_face_nil;

    if (scaled_font->original_font_face != NULL)
      return scaled_font->original_font_face;

    return scaled_font->font_face;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_get_font_face);

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_font_matrix:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @font_matrix: return value for the matrix
 *
 * Stores the font matrix with which @scaled_font was created into
 * @matrix.
 *
 * Since: 1.2
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_get_font_matrix (cairo_scaled_font_t      *scaled_font,
                           cairo_matrix_t *font_matrix)
{
    if (scaled_font->status) {
      cairo_matrix_init_identity (font_matrix);
      return;
    }

    *font_matrix = scaled_font->font_matrix;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_get_font_matrix);

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_ctm:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @ctm: return value for the CTM
 *
 * Stores the CTM with which @scaled_font was created into @ctm.
 * Note that the translation offsets (x0, y0) of the CTM are ignored
 * by cairo_scaled_font_create().  So, the matrix this
 * function returns always has 0,0 as x0,y0.
 *
 * Since: 1.2
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_get_ctm (cairo_scaled_font_t  *scaled_font,
                     cairo_matrix_t *ctm)
{
    if (scaled_font->status) {
      cairo_matrix_init_identity (ctm);
      return;
    }

    *ctm = scaled_font->ctm;
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_get_ctm);

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_scale_matrix:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @scale_matrix: return value for the matrix
 *
 * Stores the scale matrix of @scaled_font into @matrix.
 * The scale matrix is product of the font matrix and the ctm
 * associated with the scaled font, and hence is the matrix mapping from
 * font space to device space.
 *
 * Since: 1.8
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_get_scale_matrix (cairo_scaled_font_t     *scaled_font,
                            cairo_matrix_t      *scale_matrix)
{
    if (scaled_font->status) {
      cairo_matrix_init_identity (scale_matrix);
      return;
    }

    *scale_matrix = scaled_font->scale;
}

/**
 * cairo_scaled_font_get_font_options:
 * @scaled_font: a #cairo_scaled_font_t
 * @options: return value for the font options
 *
 * Stores the font options with which @scaled_font was created into
 * @options.
 *
 * Since: 1.2
 **/
void
cairo_scaled_font_get_font_options (cairo_scaled_font_t           *scaled_font,
                            cairo_font_options_t      *options)
{
    if (cairo_font_options_status (options))
      return;

    if (scaled_font->status) {
      _cairo_font_options_init_default (options);
      return;
    }

    _cairo_font_options_init_copy (options, &scaled_font->options);
}
slim_hidden_def (cairo_scaled_font_get_font_options);

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